Disclaimer: The purpose of this page is to give a starter point for visiting divers and enhance safety on the beach. In no way is it an official guide to the beach and it is the divers' personal responsibility to dive to the limits of their training and agency, to check conditions such as weather and tide prior to planning any dive. Neither UE nor those divers who have given feedback towards this guide accept responsibility for the actions and decisions of divers. The following notes contribute to awareness and do not substitute any formal guided diving activity, official guidance or advice by agencies and/or dive clubs. It is your responsibility to dive to your limits in conditions you are accustomed to, deciding on your own safety and dive plan. With that said, safe diving and we hope you all enjoy your Chesil Cove experience!... Scroll down for our own generic assessment your own observations can always add to.
** Diving Chesil for the first time? We've prepared this introductory video for you, from entry to underwater scenes and exit. Hope you enjoy!
You can find a lot more information on our Chesil Beach Watch [Project] Pages
Chesil Cove Dive Guide
Prepared by The Chesil Beach Project
You'll be amazed at what you will see underwater at Chesil Cove. Whether you're into environment and nature, history and wrecks or video and photos, Chesil guarantees some amazing diving day and night as one of the most popular shore dives on the South Coast. An abundance of flora and fauna is complemented by the remains of many vessels that have struck this beach and broken up in furious storms - now all natural shelters for life.
Easy access and depths ranging from 6 to 18 metres and minimal tidal influence makes Chesil ideal for any level of diving all year round.
If you're new to Chesil or want to find out more about why this beach is so important, check out our summary at What's so hot about Chesil. To make it even easier for you, we follow Chesil Cove every day and you can access our photographic blog at: Chesil Cove Daily Updates online. Underwater Explorers is just around the corner from (or on the way to) the Cove and open every day (including weekends and bank holidays) with extended opening times for summer weekends for all of your needs, from air, nitrox, trimix fills to equipment rental.
If you have never been to Chesil Cove before we recommend you take a look at our Guide to getting to Chesil Cove which also has relevant information on parking and entry. We will be updating this guide as changes take place. Otherwise we hope the following dive site information will be of use to you.
(We also have a YouTube channel dedicated to Chesil Beach Watch where we have more underwater videos of the conditions, sea life, topography here - you can check it out at Youtube Chesil Beach Watch.)
Scroll down for Generic Risk Assessment for Diving Chesil
The Chesil 'Dive Site'
The southernmost edge of Chesil Beach, where it joins the western cliff of Portland, is the location of one of the most popular shore dives on the South Coast. Chesil Cove is part of a storm beach and the pebbles slope steeply down towards the water, leading to rocks, reefs and sandbed. The Cove can be dived in any state of tide as currents are 'generally' weak but you must watch out for swell and undertow especially during Spring Tides (where the tidal zone difference is greater) or westerly winds. The site is sheltered from most North and East winds but anything above a Force 3 from the South or West creates a swell – making entry, but more importantly exit, difficult. Visibility in the Cove can range anywhere between 1 to a spectacular 15 metres depending on season and swell, with average visibility being in the range of 3-6 metres. The famous storms of Chesil which have claimed numerous vessels over decades can affect visibility seriously, requiring several days for the conditions to settle (watch one of our Chesil Storming videos!) Please note: The height of swell/waves reaching the shore and the almost sudden depth increase on entry need to be taken under consideration. A list of risks and recommendations have been given at the end of this text for your convenience and safety
Sand, pebbles, rock, reefs, small and large chunks of wreckage and kelp forests. Sandeels over the sand beds. Over patches of sand beds between the reefs and rocks, watch the larger sandeels and fish feeding on smaller schools of sandeels. Watch thousands of sandeels swimming at the same time, ducking in and out of the sand. Depending on season, observe cuttlefish laying eggs or on the hunt both over sand and rocks. See dogfish, crabs, lobsters, snakelock anemone, giant wrasse, bass and even john dory and triggerfish in their natural environment. Under the larger boulders in the shallows and on patches of red algae, observe the seasonal reproductive chains of seahare. Look close enough and you'll be amazed at the micro life including many types of nudibranch. And so much more! (Just take a look at some of our Youtube Videos...)
ENTRY & EXIT
This Months Video Highlight
The best area to dive in the Cove with depths ranging from 6 to 18 metres maximum are between the disused sewer pipeline (which starts more or less in front of Quiddles cafe) and the area which falls across the famous Cove House Inn – where pebbles give way to sand patches and eventually the rocks of Portland. The best scenery, undoubtedly, is found in the 8-14 metre range among the rocks, pebbles and various wreckage which shelter an abundance of sealife – which happens to be right in front of the ramp entry point described above. Therefore the first dive we suggest is directly down from the ramp.
Chesil Cove has numerous underwater "trails" but can easily be dived straight in-and-out like any other beach. Rule of thumb in the Cove is Out Is West, In is East. If you ever get confused, just head East or 90 degrees and you are sure to come ashore somewhere! Chesil Cove goes down steep on entry and then in steps from 3 metres on as it eventually bottoms out at around 12-14 metres, though depths can exceed 18m further out. From shallow to deep, the beach is made up of small to larger pebbles with rocks scattered here and then, then rocky reefs and rock outcrops which give way to patches of flat sand and eventually a sandy bottom further West and North West. Depending on season the area up to the sandy bottom can be covered in seaweed and/or kelp whereas there is a more expansive kelp forest towards the South end of the beach (see below).
Assuming you are going straight down the "diver's entry ramp" from the main road and entering the water, the quick sketch above gives you an idea of possible routes and what you could see. Slightly to your “left” will be a wreck. To the far left will be the kelp forest and pipe. Straight ahead you will have rock outcrops and reefs. To your right (1 o'clock) will be rocks leading to sandy seabed.
See our current videos below on this page or watch a selection of our videos on our YOUTUBE CHANNEL.
(The Trails described below are approximates and assume Entry Point being the shore in front of the top of the ramp)
|TRAIL 1- STRAIGHT IN & OUT (Easy Route)
From above entry point if you swim out 270 degrees, after a few large rocks and reef you will come upon a sandbank at a depth of 12-15m. If you follow the reef to either side, you can navigate back to the point you left the 'track'. This "in and out" direct route is the simplest way to start exploring Chesil Beach if you are looking to avoid swell in the shallows. A visual line of direction will allow divers to branch off and return to the "trail". Once you descend, you could also take a look to the left side (south) at about 6-8 metres and see the wreckage of what is believed to be the Preveza, which broke up on Chesil during a storm in 1920. This route is ideal during the season to spot John Dory and Cuttlefish as well as Wrasse, Crabs and Lobsters.
TRAIL 2 – THE KELP FOREST (Easy Route)
The Pipe-Kelp Forest trail (to the left/south) can either be linked to another route or done independently. Keeping to a depth of about 6-8 metres (depending on the state of tide) divers can follow the shoreline where pebbles blend into rocks until arriving at patches of kelp which eventually become a full blown kelp forest around the disused sewer pipe. This can be an immersing experience particularly when the kelp forest is dense. There is much to see both in the kelp beds and around the pipe (but watch out for fishing lines and torn nets). This is a great dive which takes the diver over the wreckage of the Preveza and rocks.
TRAIL 3 – ROCKY REEF
Upon doing the entry described in Trail 1, if you stick to a bearing of 270 degrees for about 1/2 a mile crossing large areas of rock and sandy patches, you will finally come to the edge of the rock reef marked initially by some large (2-3 metre high) rocks. Depths here may reach or exceed 18 metres. Heading out you can explore the edge of the reef with the rocks on your left and sandbed to your right or do the opposite on an inward trip. This route (approximately 50-60 minutes) requires quite a long underwater swim so close monitoring of pressure gauge (or a large volume cylinder) is recommended. Depths here average 15-18 metres.
TRAIL 4 – BEYOND ROCKY REEF (NW Route)
As above, if you are fairly confident about your consumption, enter the water and on reaching 8-9 metres depth take a bearing of 300 degrees – hence we've dubbed this the North West route. After 10-15 minutes depending on your finning speed you will come to the edge of the rocky reef and see a sand bank stretching ahead. Turn left while keeping the sand to your right and follow the reef outwards to a depth of about 16-17 metres. You will come across a large piece of wreckage on the sand itself (an area which also attracts triggerfish). Further on and a metre or so deeper follow the reef on the left until you come across more wreckage which appears to be a winch off an old vessel and crusted.
|Look at the “rocks” closely here as some may surprise you (being encrusted wreckage). The area is covered in various sizes of encrusted metal objects, most of which came from the ships that have been grounded on Chesil and broken up. Maximum depth can reach 19 metres on this trail and due to the distance involved, close monitoring of pressure gauge is highly recommended.|
Each of the above “trails” can obviously be followed or explored through different entry points but the easiest and advisable one is as above. Whatever you do, don't forget to read up also on our Conditions & Risks section below before organising your first Chesil Cove dive. You can call us 7 days a week 9 to 5 on 01305 824 555 for queries and advice. You can also follow our DAILY photographic update of Chesil Beach on CHESIL BEACH WATCH.
Conditions & Generic Risks
Last Update: September 2016
(1) Entry and exit over pebbles with a "dropping off" steep bank at times. Swell and undertow can make exit particularly difficult in certain states of tide depending on how "steep" the bank is. (2) Pebbles create a natural tripping hazard and require care on entry and exit including the shore walk to dive point. (3) Entanglement hazards are primarily lost or discarded fishing lines (left behind by shore anglers), occasional monafilament net (or pieces of net) swept inshore by the sea and lobster pot lines where such pots are dropped closer to shore. (4) Lead fishing weights (and hooks) cast by shore anglers where divers are close to shore or in 'casting distance'.
Surface concerns: Always do your own field risk assessment on the day of your dive. Surface risks on Chesil Beach are not special and include the common trip hazards (walking over loose pebbles, debris, nets and fishing line washed in by the sea) and cut hazards (broken glass, discarded hooks, metal etc). Because of the way the beach slopes down on entry and up on exit especially after spring tides, these hazards require extra care. While most of the beach and shoreline is made up of pebbles which tend to be loose and slippery at times, there are also rocks on the tidal zone which at low tide could be submerged or partially uncovered. Especially where there is swell these need special attention so as to avoid stepping or slipping on them, or hitting against them during exit and entry.
Tidal concerns: Chesil Beach can be dived on any state of the tide although slack water on this side of the island is 4 hours after HW Portland. Tides run parallel to the beach here and don't restrict divers as on wrecks. Incoming tide moves to the South East (left as you look at the sea) and outgoing vice verse. Which also means divers need to adjust their underwater navigation accordingly and compensate. Take into account that even on a direct bearing out, tidal influence will be slowly moving you off course. This also means divers can surface a long way from point of entry if not careful. It's not uncommon to hear jokes about divers going in at "the Cove end" and coming up in front of the Cove House Inn pub down the beach. (If this ever happens, you can walk back to point of entry or do a slow surface swim). Spring Tides: During Spring Tides, twice a month, this tidal movement can be stronger than usual and require more fining power to hold course and position. High Water: High water on Spring Tides can lead to undertow as well as a stronger current although this does not restrict diving. Low Water: Low water at any state of the tidal calendar can create a steeper than usual bank to "climb up" or down on exit and entry, which should be taken into account.
Swell concerns: Strong South, Southwest and Northwest winds will come onshore while the beach (due to its high banks) is extremely well protected against East and Northeast winds even when its blowing strong. The rule of thumb is not to dive if there is a swell over 2ft as exit could be incredibly difficult if not impossible. Swell and exit up a steep pebble slope make for hard work. There can also be a strong undertow at such times which means being pulled and pushed against the beach while underwater and immediately on exit. If the beach is to be dived under such conditions (and particularly if cameras etc. are being used) someone for surface support is highly recommended. We've actually seen dives where a rope has been required to get the divers out of the water.
Anglers and Entanglement: Do keep in mind that Chesil Cove/Beach is a popular shore angling site and visited by tens of anglers every week. Rule of thumb is to dive out of their way if they are already "in position" and to let it be known you are "down below" for new arrivals. The use of an SMB is highly recommended if you want to avoid a weight-and-hook episode because no one knew you were down there. (There are true accounts of divers being accidentally hooked!) If you are diving without a surface marker, the responsibility is yours only. The amount of angling that takes place off the cove (especially summer-time hunts for bass and mackerel where feathers are used) leaves behind an amount of tackle (line, weights, hooks) underwater and sometimes on the surface too.
There are entanglement points around the old sewage pipe in front of Quiddles (where most line seems to accumulate at the base of the pipe but is therefore also clearly visible) but most others are scattered around the seabed, here and there. Wherever there is wreckage such as the remains of the Preveza, divers should watch out for mid-water fishing lines that have been lost during shore casts.
We strongly advise divers to be equipped with a proper cutting tool such as the Eezycut Trilobite that is guaranteed to work on fishing line and net, while keeping an eye out for floating lines during their swims. Other entanglement hazards include occasional monafilament net (or pieces of net) swept inshore by the sea and lobster pot lines where such pots are dropped closer to shore. Rarely there may also be fishing nets closer to shore than usual but these will be marked by surface buoys that can be spotted on entry.
Boat traffic: As above the use of a surface marker buoy is highly recommended (though generally not implemented). There is no heavy boat traffic on Chesil but for the occasional yacht or powerboat "tucking in" and anchoring for a break as well as a number of small fishing boats that operate directly off the beach (with outboard engines). Again, if they can't see you, they won't know you are below so letting them know by means of a surface marker buoy makes diving safer for everyone.
Parking up for a Chesil dive
If it's your first visit to Chesil Cove, check out our Photographic guide to Chesil Cove for instructions on how to get there, park up, entry etc.
|The trick is to drive up to the cove, drop off all your equipment with someone in attendance, then drive to the closest car parking space available - park up and get back to dive!...Reaching Chesil Cove is easy. From Victoria Square (2) head straight on towards Chiswell on the road leaning right, parallel to the sea. This means passing the "Little Ship" pub, a car park [P3] and Blue Fish Restaurant on the right (all visible as you enter Chiswell street). Drive straight and pass the sign-post for Cove House Inn. You will see the road fork off to the left and right where there is another car park [P2] at the corner. Take the street on the right (Brandy Row) and drive up to the end of this, which is the storm gates and wall of the esplanade (1).
The closest parking is on Brandy Row [P1] - the same street. You can also park at the car park [P2] you just passed or on the road you came from [P4]. If no parking is available you can still park for free at [P3] which is only a couple of minutes of a walking distance.Once at the storm gates follow the short slipway to the right which goes down to the beach. At the bottom of the slipway look left and you'll see steps right under the wall (though at times after storms these could be covered by pebbles). This is an ideal place to set up your equipment or use as a "base" for your diving.
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